Name: Jean Grey-Summers
Occupation: Adventurer, former student and fashion model,
former member of X-Factor
Legal Status: Citizen of the United States, with no criminal
Former Aliases: Marvel Girl
Place of Birth: Annandale-on-Hudson, New York
Marital Status: Single
Known Relatives: John Grey (father), Elaine Grey (mother),
Sara (sister, deceased), Gailyn (niece), Joey (nephew), Scott
Summers (Cyclops, husband), Christopher Summers (Corsair, father-in-law),
Alexander Summers (Havok, brother-in-law), Philip and Deborah
Summers (grandparents-in-law), Nathan Christopher Summers (Cable,
stepson), Rachel Summers (Phoenix II, daughter by Cyclops in
an alternate timeline)
Group Affiliation: Founding member of the X-Men, former
member of X-Factor
Base of Operations: Professor Charles Xavier's School
for Higher Learning, Salem Center. Westchester County, New York;
formerly X-Factor headquarters, New York City
First Appearance: X-MEN #1
History: Jean Grey is the younger daughter of Professor
John Grey of the History Department of Bard College in
Annandale-on Hudson, New York, and his wife Elaine. When
Jean was ten years old, she was playing with her best
friend Annie Richardson when Annie was hit by an automobile.
The emotion that Jean felt as she held her dying friend
awakened her own latent telepathic powers, and she thus
experienced Annie's own emotions as she died. This traumatic
occurrence left Jean in a withdrawn and deeply depressed
state. Moreover, Jean discovered that she could not control
her newly awakened telepathic abilities, and had to isolate
herself from other people to keep hold of her sanity.
Finally, when Jean was eleven, a psychiatrist recommended to
her parents that they consult a colleague of his, Professor
Charles Xavier, who was secretly a mutant with telepathic
abilities . Xavier explained to Jean, but not to her parents,
that she was a mutant, and he treated her for several
years. During this time he erected psychic shields in
Jean's mind so that she would not be able to use her telepathic
abilities until she had achieved the maturity necessary
for dealing with them. Simultaneously, he taught her how
to levitate and manipulate objects through psionic force.
When Xavier judged that Jean had reached a certain level
of mastery of her telekinetic power, he recommended to
her parents that they enroll her in his newly established
School for Gifted Youngsters. Unknown to Professor and
Mrs. Grey, this school served as a cover for the X-Men,
a team of young superhuman mutants being trained by Xavier
to combat the threats posed by other mutants who used
their powers against humanity. On entering the school,
Jean Grey became the fifth member to join the X-Men and
took the code name of Marvel Girl.
original five X-Men remained together for several years.
Shortly after she joined the team, Grey and Scott Summers,
the X-Man known as Cyclops,
fell in love with each other. Although neither told the
other his or her true feelings for him or her for quite
some time, they finally openly admitted their love for
When Xavier realized that he had to remain in isolation for an
extended period of time in order to make preparations to
thwart an attempted invasion of Earth by the alien Z'nox,
he released the psychic barriers preventing Grey from using
her telepathic abilities. Grey's added maturity and her
years of practice in using her telepathic powers enabled
her to use her telepathic abilities from that point onwards.
Hence, with Xavier otherwise occupied, she could use her
own telepathic powers to aid the X-Men.
Sometime later, after Xavier had recruited several new
members for the X-Men, Grey and some of the other X-Men
decided to leave the group in order to lead their own
lives. Scott Summers, however, remained in the X-Men and
he and Grey continued their romantic relationship. Shortly
after she left the team, Grey and the then current members
of the X-Men were kidnapped by Steven Lang's Sentinels
and taken aboard Lang's space station. After defeating
Lang the X-Men had to escape back to Earth aboard a space
shuttle during a solar radiation storm. The craft's pilot
had to sit in an area without enough shielding to protect
him or her from the lethal radiation. Grey volunteered
to be pilot, but while guiding the shuttle to Earth, the
solar radiation finally proved to be too great for Grey
to hold back any longer with her powers. She began to
succumb to the radiation's lethal effects.
was long believed that Grey had indeed died aboard the
space shuttle but became linked with a primal energy force
known as the "phoenix-force" which recreated
and reentered her body, The vastly more powerful being
took the code name Phoenix. Phoenix joined the X-Men,
but Grey had not had the proper training for coping with
such immense power. At first Grey's strong moral sense
kept the phoenix force under control, and usually subconsciously
prevented her from using her powers beyond a certain limit.
But then Phoenix fell victim to psychic manipulation by
Mastermind, who was
attempting to prove his worthiness to become a member
of the Inner Circle of the Hellfire
Club by mesmerizing Phoenix into becoming its new
Black Queen. He psychically induced dark, repressed desires
from within Grey's consciousness to come to the surface
of Phoenix's mind, submerging Grey's true normal personality.
Phoenix finally freed herself of Mastermind's control,
but was unable to prevent the dark side of Grey's personality
with the full power of the phoenix-force behind it, from
overwhelming her, not having had the training necessary
to repress it. Grey's true personality was submerged more
fully than before, and Phoenix became the malevolent Dark
Phoenix. After Dark Phoenix wreaked incredible devastation,
Grey's true personality reasserted control of Phoenix
once more, and, before Cyclops' horrified eyes, Phoenix
committed suicide rather than revert to Dark Phoenix.
Summers mourned Grey, and eventually married Madelyne
Pryor, who greatly resembled her.
It was later revealed that Grey did not die, nor had she ever
become Phoenix. The phoenix-force responded to Grey's
anguish and telepathic calls for help as she was dying
aboard the space shuttle, and appeared before her, shaping
its form and consciousness after Grey's own. The phoenix-force
told Grey that she was dying, but that by taking the phoenix-force's
hands, Grey would gain her "heart's desire."
What Grey most wanted was to save the lives of the X-Men
and herself. She held onto the phoenix-force's arm and
fell into a coma-like state. Simultaneously, the phoenix-force
fully took on both the form and the memories and personality
of Jean Grey. The phoenix-force used its powers to ensure
the survival of the X-Men in their return to Earth and
crash landing in Jamaica Bay off New York City. It was
also responsible for casting Grey into a coma-like state
and placing her within a pod like construction, which
rested for years at the bottom of Jamaica Bay while Grey's
injuries healed completely. Thus the phoenix-force fulfilled
its pledge to Grey. The phoenix-force creature compelled
itself to believe it was indeed Grey, whose personality
it had assumed. Indeed, it had imitated Grey's consciousness
so perfectly that not even Xavier realized the imposture.
It has been theorized that it was the phoenix-entity's
own power rebelling against the duplicate of Grey's personality
it had given itself that caused it to become Dark Phoenix.
When Phoenix committed suicide, it was acting exactly
as Grey herself would have done under the circumstances,
since it had endowed itself with an exact copy of Grey's
Many months after Phoenix's death, the Avengers
found Grey's pod beneath Jamaica Bay and brought it to
Four for study. Grey released herself from the pod,
at first unable to remember her encounter with the phoenix-force,
but with the help of the Avengers and Fantastic Four,
she recalled what had happened and learned what happened
to Phoenix. As a result of her harrowing experiences,
Grey had somehow lost her telepathic powers, but the strength
of her telekinetic powers had greatly increased.
Grey was reunited with her fellow founding X-Men members, the
Cyclops, and Iceman. She
was greatly disturbed to learn of the current wave of
anti-mutant sentiment in the country, Xavier's recent
disappearance, and the fact that the then current X-Men
were now working alongside Magneto,
the original X-Men's greatest foe. Because the others
agreed with Grey that they should do something about the
current situation of mutants, the five friends founded
a new organization to help other superhuman mutants, X-Factor.
Later, after Professor Xavier returned from a long sojourn
in space with the Starjammers, Jean and the other members
of X-Factor rejoined the X-Men.
While Jean had been in suspended animation Scott had married
Madelyne Pryor, a clone of Jean created by Mr.
Sinister. Eventually Pryor went mad, developed vast
powers, and became known as the Goblin Queen. The Goblin
Queen died in combat with Jean.
Some years later, Scott finally married the real Jean Grey.
During their honeymoon, however, their spirits were transported
two millennia into an alternate future and were placed
in new bodies by the Askani cult. Their leader, Rachel
Summers, the daughter of the Scott and Jean of an alternate
reality, had also served in the X-Men under the name Phoenix.
As Slym and Redd, Scott and Jean spent years in that future
time, raising Nathan, the son of Scott Summers and Madelyne
Pryor, who had earlier been brought to the future. Eventually,
Scott and Jean returned to their own time and bodies,
leaving Nathan in the future to become the heroic warrior
In Rachel's honor Jean adopted the name Phoenix when she returned
to the X-Men, and she and Scott remain members of the
X-Men to this day.
At the dawn of the new millennium, the mutant warlord Apocalypse
captured the Twelve: powerful mutants who would determine
the fate of their kind, including Scott and Jean. They
were wired to a machine that would channel their awesome
energies into Apocalypse, allowing him to absorb the body
of X-Man, a time-tossed teenager
possessed of vast telepathic and telekinetic power, and
ascend to a state of cosmic awareness. As his teammates
fell around him, a powerless Scott shoved X-Man out of
Apocalypse's draining circuit, merging with the would-be
conqueror to create a new evil entity. Jean detected Scott's
psyche inside Apocalypse and prevented the X-Men from
destroying him. However, he was presumed dead by most
of his teammates. Only Jean and the future-era freedom
fighter called Cable refused to believe Scott had perished.
Investigating rumors that he was alive, Jean and Cable
found Cyclops struggling to reassert his mind over Apocalypse's
psyche. With Jean's help, Cable exorcised the warlord
and shattered his essence. Thanks to the support of his
wife and adopted family, Scott was able to shake off the
devastating effects of his merger with Apocalypse and
rejoin the X-Men.
Height: 5 ft. 6 in.
Weight: 110 lbs.
Strength Level: Jean Grey possesses the normal human
strength of a woman of her age, height, and build who
engages in moderate regular exercise.
Known Superhuman Powers: Jean Grey is a mutant who possesses
telekinetic abilities enabling her to levitate and manipulate
living beings and inanimate objects psionically. The current
extent of her powers is not yet known, but it is far greater
than it was before her near-death in the space shuttle.
Jean Grey also possessed telepathic powers enabling her
to read minds, project her thoughts into the minds of
others, and stun the minds of opponents with telepathic
"mental bolts." Since her revival from her coma-like
state, Marvel Girl no longer seems to possess telepathic
NOTE: Famke Janssen played her in X-Men