name: Magnus (possibly not his real name, rest of
Other aliases: (former) The Creator, Eric Magnus
Lehnsherr, Michael Xavier, White Pilgrim
Occupation: (current) Revolutionary and conqueror,
(former) Volunteer orderly, secret agent, adventurer,
teacher of the New Mutants
Legal status: Criminal record in the United States,
later overturned by the courts; still wanted internationally
as an outlaw
Place of birth: Unrevealed, probably somewhere
in Northern Europe
Marital status: Widower
Known relatives: Magda (wife, presumed deceased),
Anya (daughter, deceased), Wanda Maximoff (the Scarlet
Witch, daughter), Pietro Maximoff (Quicksilver, son),
Crystal (daughter-in-law), Luna (granddaughter)
Base of operations: (current) Unrevealed, (former)
Asteroid M; various hidden bases on Earth including one
in Antarctica; an island in the Bermuda Triangle; Professor
Xavier's School for Gifted Youngsters, Salem Center,
Westchester County, New York
Group affiliation: (current) None, (former) Brotherhood
of Evil Mutants I and II, X-Men,
teacher of the New
Mutants, Lords Cardinal of the Hellfire
Club, leader of the Acolytes
First appearance: X-MEN (first series) #1
History: The man now known as Magnus spent his
early teens imprisoned with his family at the Nazi death
camp in Auschwitz, Poland. The only member of his family
to survive the camp, Magnus here learned how brutally
human beings could treat minorities whom they considered
different. After World War II Magnus married a woman named
Magda and they had a daughter, Anya. When a mob prevented
Magnus from rescuing Anya from dying in a fire, he used
his powers to destroy them all in revenge.
Terrified by her husband's powers and threats of vengeance
against humanity, Magda fled, never having revealed to
him that she was pregnant. She apparently died soon after
giving birth to twins, Wanda and Pietro.
Eventually Magnus went to Israel, where he worked as a
volunteer orderly at a psychiatric hospital and where
he first met and became friends with Charles
Xavier. Magnus and Xavier frequently debated the subject
of mutants' coexistence with the rest of humanity. After
the two men joined forces to rescue their friend Gabrielle
Haller from Baron Strucker and his Hydra agents, Magnus
left for parts unknown. After being betrayed by the intelligence
agents with whom he worked, Magnus began planning his
campaign against the human race.
Years later Magnus reemerged as Magneto, who was determined
to conquer the human race to prevent their oppression
of mutants. Xavier's original team of X-Men thwarted his
first public move in his war with humanity, the takeover
of the Cape Citadel missile base. When
they next clashed, Magneto was leading his original Brotherhood
of Evil Mutants, which included Wanda and Pietro, now
known as the Scarlet Witch and Quicksilver. Not until
years later would Magneto learn that they were actually
his children. At one point Magneto genetically engineered
a being called Alpha the Ultimate Mutant, who rebelled
against him and turned Magneto back into an infant. Xavier
gave the baby into the care of his colleague Moira MacTaggert,
who tampered with the infant's mind in the hope that he
would grow up to become a better man. Years later Davan
Shakari, alias Eric the Red, an agent of the alien Shi'ar,
transformed Magneto back into an adult, albeit one younger
than before. Magneto thereafter had a series of battles
with Xavier's new team of X-Men.
Eventually, however, MacTaggert's manipulation of his
mind had a delayed effect. Magneto underwent a crisis
of conscience, gave up his plans of world conquest, and
became the X-Men's ally. When he found himself dying,
Xavier asked Magneto to take over his School for Gifted
Youngsters. Xavier was then taken into outer space to
be healed by Shi'ar science, and Magneto became the mentor
of Xavier's latest group of students, the New Mutants.
In time, though, Magneto's former personality slowly began
to return. He abandoned the New Mutants and allied himself
with the X-Men's foes in the Hellfire Club. He and the
X-Man Rogue for a time developed a close relationship
in the Savage Land. Ultimately, Magneto renewed his war
with the human race and the X-Men, and gathered about
him a new team of mutant underlings, the Acolytes, who
virtually worshipped him.
In his last battle with the X-Men, Magneto used his powers
to extract the adamantium molecules from Wolverine's skeleton,
causing him tremendous agony. Infuriated, Xavier used
his mental powers to shut down Magneto's mind. For a time
the Acolytes cared for Magneto at their orbiting base,
but when it was destroyed, Magneto returned to Earth.
Subsequently, an amnesiac man appeared who called himself
Joseph, possessed powers over magnetism, and looked like
Magneto would if he were still in his twenties. He joined
the X-Men, who believed him to be Magneto, somehow rejuvenated
and reformed. Joseph himself came to believe he was Magneto,
until the real Magneto reappeared and began his campaign
of terror against the human race anew. Moreover, although
the X-Men had come to believe that Magneto was really
a man named Erik Magnus Lehnsherr, it was revealed that
Lehnsherr was a false identity Magneto had assumed to
conceal his true identity. The real identities of both
Magneto and Joseph still remain mysteries at this time.
Height: 6 ft. 2 in.
Weight: 190 lbs.
Other Distinguishing Features: Magneto has been
literally rejuvenated by Alpha the Ultimate Mutant, so
that despite his much greater chronological age, he appears
still to be a relatively young man.
Strength Level: Magneto can use his magnetic powers
to increase his physical strength up through Class 100
(the ability to lift over 100 tons).
Known Superhuman Powers: Magneto is a mutant with the
superhuman power to control magnetism. He can shape and manipulate
magnetic fields that exist naturally or artificially. It is
unclear, however, whether he must draw magnetic force from outside
himself (if so, then he can do so over vast distances), or whether
he can also generate magnetic force from within himself. Nor
is it clear whether Magneto's power is psionic or purely physiological
Although Magneto's power is not on the level of the Silver
Surfer in his prime, it is for all practical purposes limitless.
Even before his rejuvenation, Magneto once liEed a cargo freighter
weighing 30,000 tons 50 feet into the air from a distance of
300 feet away. Moreover, Magneto can use his magnetic powers
in more than one way simultaneously. He can completely assemble
a complicated machine within seconds through his powers. He
can erec! magnetic force fields with a high degree of impenetrability
around himself for protection. Although Magneto often gestures
when using his magnetic powers, he can utilize them fully even
when standing totally still merely by concentrating.
Although Magneto's primary power is magnetism, he seems to
have some ability to project or manipulate any form of energy
that is related to magnetism. In the past he has fired a bolt
of electricity, he has also created enough intense heat to destroy
a metal door. Heat, or infrared radiation, is part of the electromagnetic
spectrum, which also includes visible light, radio waves, ultraviolet
light, gamma-rays, and x-rays. Magneto may be able to project
any of these. He has also been shown creating an anti-gravity
field, and presumably does so whenever he levitates a non-magnetic
object. Hence, Magneto may be living proof of the longsought
Unified Field Theory that all forms of energy are related. However,
Magneto almost always uses only magnetism, so perhaps it is
more difficult for him to manipulate other forms of energy.
In previous years Magneto has apparently exhibited powers of
astral projection and telepathy, and has claimed to be able
to control the minds of others. His abilities along these lines
are minimal, however-enough, perhaps, to protect himself against
mightier telepaths, but not of great use otherwise.
Magneto's ability to wield his superhuman powers effectively
is dependent upon his physical condition. When severely injured,
his body is unable to withstand the strain of manipulating groat
amounts of magnetic forces.
Abilities: Magneto is an expert on genetic manipulation
and engineering, with knowledge far beyond that of contemporary
science. He may be a genius in these fields. He can mutate humans
in order to give them superhuman powers, or create adult clones
of human beings and then manipulate the genetic structure of
these clones during their development (see Savage Land Mutates).
From Maelstrom's records and equipment he has learned how to
create artificial living beings.
Magneto has mastered many technological fields as well: for
example, he has designed magnetically-powered skycraft and spacecraft,
complex robots and computers, and magnetically-powered generators.
Magneto has only a rudimentary knowledge of hand-to-hand combat.
Weapons: Magneto relies primarily on his own natural
powers, although sometimes he has used magnetically-powered
devices of his own design, such as his machine for inducing
earthquakes and volcanic eruptions from afar. Magneto
used to use mechanical devices for magnifying his own
powers, but since his rejuvenation he no longer needs
NOTE: Ian McKellen played him in X-Men