Name: Thomas Thompson
Occupation: Scientist, inventor, adventurer
Identity: Publicly known
Legal Status: Citizen of the United States with no criminal
Other Aliases: None
Place of Birth: Metzburg, Danteana, in the United States
of the Earth of the Squadron Supreme
Place of Death: Squadron City
Marital Status: Single
Known Relatives: None
Group Affiliation: Squadron Supreme
Base of Operations: The various headquarters of the Squadron
First Appearance: AVENGERS #85
Final Appearance: SQUADRON SUPREME #9
History: Born on an alternate Earth, Thomas Thompson
fell victim to an abnormality of the pituitary gland when
he was three years old; causing him to stop growing once
he reached the height of 3 ft. 7 in. Thompson, however,
proved to be a genius and had earned Doctor of Philosophy
degrees in mathematics, physics, and electrical engineering
by the age of seventeen.
Thompson became interested in using his great talents as an
inventor for devising new means of fighting crime. In
order to test these crimefighting inventions, Thompson
became the masked adventurer known as Tom Thumb. In this
guise Thompson captured numerous criminals, including
such costumed lawbreakers as the Iron Moth.
Tom Thumb was invited to join the Squadron Supreme, the organization
of the greatest costumed crimefighters of his Earth, and
he gladly accepted their offer. Using his wits and his
advanced devices, Tom Thumb more than proved himself an
effective member of the Squadron in combat against their
adversaries. But Thumb's major importance to the Squadron
lay in the technological innovations he created for them.
Perhaps the greatest of these was his designing of Rocket
Central, the first manned orbiting space station launched
from the Squadron's Earth. The Squadron used this space
station as their headquarters until it was destroyed.
Despite his many extraordinary achievements Tom Thumb was a
lonely man, who chose to live aboard Rocket Central and
believed he had no friends outside his fellow squadron
members. Yet Thumb felt underappreciated by the rest of
the Squadron as well. Although the other Squadron members
were courteous to him, and most liked him to some degree,
Thumb had no strong bonds of friendship with any of them.
Unlike the others, Thumb had no superhuman powers or great
athletic skills; moreover, he had an introverted personality,
and preferred working on his various scientific projects
to engaging in the Squadron's social activities.
However, Thumb created a highly advanced computer named AIDA
(Artificial Intelligence Data Analyzer), which he installed
in Rocket Central and which he endowed with a female human-like
personality. AIDA cared deeply for Thumb, who treated
"her" as his best friend.
Like the other members of the Squadron except for Hyperion,
Tom Thumb fell under the psionic control of the alien
Overmind, who was allied with the other-dimensional entity
called Null the Living Darkness. The Overmind took control
of the United States and then of most of the Squadron's
Earth and used the Squadron members as his pawns. Hyperion
sought help from the Defenders,
a group of costumed champions from another Earth. Hyperion
and the Defenders freed the other Squadron members from
the Overmind's control, and both Null and the Overmind
Now, however, the Squadron's Earth was in a state of political
and economic chaos. The Squadron therefore decided to
implement the so-called Utopia Program, by which they
intended to solve the major problems of the United States,
ranging from providing food supplies to putting an end
to crime to finding cures for all diseases and even death
itself within one year. When Hyperion made his public
announcement of the institution of the Utopia Program,
Tom Thumb, like the other Squadron members, publicly revealed
his true identity on television.
Shortly afterwards, on the request of his Squadron colleague
Nuke, Thumb ran a test on him that showed that Nuke was
now emitting a level of radiation that would prove lethal
to anyone who received repeated lengthy exposures to him.
In fact, Nuke's parents were already dying from cancer
induced through their own exposure to Nuke's radiation.
Distraught, Nuke begged Thumb to find a cure for cancer.
Unwilling to alienate Nuke, Thumb promised to try.
But this task proved to be beyond even Thumb's great genius,
at least within the limited amount of time available.
Moreover, Thumb discovered in his research while running
tests on his own cells that he himself had cancer.
Reasoning that all disease had been cured in the Earth of the
far distant alternate future, the time period of the Squadron's
great foe, the Scarlet Centurion, Thumb journeyed to that
time using a "transtemporal somaprojector'' harness
he himself had invented. The Centurion agreed to give
Thumb a sample of his "panacea potion," which
could cure old age and all diseases, if Thumb would sprinkle
ground argonite, a substance harmful to Hyperion, in Hyperion's
food. The argonite would weaken Hyperion, thus giving
the Centurion the opportunity to kill him. Thumb refused
to betray his fellow Squadron members and returned to
his own time period.
Thumb told Nuke he had failed to find a cure for cancer. Nuke
was furious at Thumb, and, after Nuke's parents finally
died, went mad with rage and grief and went to kill Thumb
in revenge. Another Squadron member, Doctor Spectrum,
tried to stop Nuke, who died while combating Spectrum.
Not wanting to be pitied, Thumb kept the fact he was dying
of cancer secret from everyone but AIDA.
Thumb's first great invention for the Utopia Program was the
personal force field belt. This device could project a
shield of energy around its wearer that could even deflect
bullets. The Squadron members themselves were the first
to wear these belts, and within months one out of every
ten Americans owned one of the belts.
Thumb's second great invention for the Program was the Behavior
Modification (or B-Mod) Machine, a device that could make
alterations in the personalities and thinking processes
of human beings. The Squadron used this machine to alter
the minds of convicted prisoners so that they would be
incapable of committing further crimes. As a result, within
the year all inmates of the nation's federal and state
prisons were subjected to the machine and released from
custody. It was believed that the machine's effects were
irreversible until the Squadron's adversary, the scientific
genius Emil Burbank, alias Master Menace, found a way
to undo its alterations of the human mind.
The Behavior Modification machine was used on several members
of the criminal Institute of Evil to make them incapable
of committing further criminal actions, and they were
then inducted into the Squadron. Among these reformed
institute members was Ape X, a female ape with genius-level
human intelligence and the capacity for human speech.
She became the research partner of Tom Thumb at his TTTech
laboratories at Squadron City, the Squadron's new headquarters.
She found herself falling in love with Thumb, although
she kept the full extent of her feelings secret from him.
Together, Thumb and Ape X, devised the so-called Pacifier Pistol.
The Squadron had already seized all known handguns in
the United States. The Pacifier Pistol, which was not
lethal, could be used to halt violent behavior in its
targets by stimulating the pleasure centers of their brains.
The Pacifier Pistols came to be used by the nation's police
forces and military in place of conventional guns.
Assisted by Ape X, Thumb also designed the Hibernaculum, a
means of storing a human body in suspended animation.
Thumb had been unable to find cures for all diseases in
the short time remaining to him. Hence, he devised the
Hibernaculum, which would lower the body temperature of
a human being and slow all of his or her life processes
to a point of suspended animation. Hence, a person on
the brink of death from a disease or injuries that present
day medical science could not overcome could remain in
suspended animation until some future time when a means
of restoring that person to health had been devised. The
Hibernaculum could also be used to preserve the bodies
of those who had died only a brief time before being placed
in suspended animation in the hope that medical science
of the future could restore them to life. (Since deterioration
of the brain occurs within minutes of death, the body
of a deceased person would have to be placed in suspended
animation almost immediately upon the cessation of life.)
AIDA was deeply concerned over Tom Thumb's quickly approaching
demise from cancer, but Thumb had ordered AIDA to keep
his illness secret. Nevertheless, in order to save Thumb's
life, AIDA overrode this order and told Ape X that he
had cancer. Ape X thereupon convinced Thumb that it was
morally justifiable for him to steal some of the Panacea
Potion from the Scarlet Centurion. Believing such a theft
would compromise his moral principles, but not wishing
to die, Thumb journeyed into the future along with his
Squadron colleague Lamprey and made off with a container
of the Potion. But after returning to his own time, Thumb
discovered that the Potion consisted of no more than penicillin
and a few complex vitamins; it worked with the people
of the Centurion's time since over the many centuries
the human species' immune systems had been improved through
eugenics, but it was ineffective with people of the Twentieth
Century. Realizing he could not now escape his coming
death, Thumb returned the sample of the Potion to the
Centurion's 40th Century.
One week after Thumb returned, he died from cancer while working
on another project. He became the first person whose body
was preserved in a Hibernaculum. It is not known whether
Thumb was removed from the hibernaculum after the Utopia
Program was abandoned or, whether he will ever be restored
Height: 3 ft. 7 in.
Weight: 95 lbs.
Strength Level: Tom Thumb possessed the normal human
strength of a man of his age, height, and build who engaged
in little regular exercise.
Known Superhuman Powers: None
Other Abilities: Tom Thumb had a genius level intellect.
On his native Earth he was rivaled in scientific brilliance
only by Emil Burbank, alias Master Menace. Tom Thumb had
tremendous expertise in physics, biochemistry, computer
science, the study of the workings of the human brain,
electrical engineering, and various other fields. Perhaps
his most groundbreaking achievement was his discovery
of a means of time travel, by means of his transtemporal