Name: Peter Parker
Occupation: Freelance photographer, adventurer
Legal Status: American citizen with no criminal
Former Aliases: None
Place of Birth: New York City
Marital Status: Married
Known Relatives: Richard Parker (father, deceased),
Mary Parker (mother, deceased), Benjamin Parker (uncle,
deceased), May Parker (aunt),Mary
Jane Watson-Parker (wife)
Group Affiliation: None
Base of Operations: New York City
First Appearance: AMAZING FANTASY #15
History: Peter Parker was orphaned
at the age of 6 when his parents were killed in an airplane
crash overseas. He went to live with his uncle and aunt,
Ben and May Parker, in Forest Hills, New York. Parker
was extremely bright and became a high honors student
at Midtown High School. Parker's shyness and scholastic
interest often made him a social outcast. One evening
Parker attended a public exhibition demonstrating the
safe handling of nuclear laboratory waste materials
sponcored by the General Techtronics Corporation. During
the demonstration, a small Common House Spider happened
to be in the path of a particle accelerator's beam and
was massively irradiated. The stricken spider fell on
to Parker's hand, broke his skin with its fangs, and
died. His hand burning from the bite, Parker left the
exhibition. Parker made his way home and passed through
an unfamiliar section of the city where he was accosted
by a gang of hoodlums. Tossing the gang members aside,
Parker was shocked by his own display of strength. As
he fled from them, he ran into the path of a speeding
car, and leaped to safety about 30 feet up onto a nearby
wall. To his growing surprise, he discovered that he
was able to stick to the wall with his fingertips. As
he easily walked down a guy wire to the street below,
he realized that henow possessed a superb sense of balance.
Parker quickly associated these spider-like abilities
with the bitefrom the irradiated spider.
Parker went home, where his Aunt May
sent him on an errand to deliver clothing to a charity
driver located in a nearby National Guard Armory. There
he saw a wrestling
match witch offered a prize for anyone who could remain
in the ring at least 3 minutes with a professional wrestler.
Interested in testing his new-found powers, Parker decided
to accept the wrestler's challenge. Wearing a mask to
conceal his features to avoid embarassment in cast he
lost, he easily defeated his opponent. A television
producer's talent agent spotted him and promised him
a segment on a network variety show. Parker, calling
himself the Amazing Spider-Man, accepted the offer and
decided to use it as a springboard to a show business
career as a spectacular stunt performer. Over the next
several evenings, Parker used equipment borrowed from
his high school to fabricate a fluid that imitated a
spider's silk web, and spinneret devices to project
that fluid from his wrists in the form of a web strand.
He also silkscreened his original design for a costume
onto a body stocking and full-head mask. Thus prepared,
Peter Parker appeared as Spider-Man on national television
and was an immediate media sensation.
Just after the conclusion of the television
show, a buglar, being pursued by a security guard, ran
by Parker who impetuously allowed him to pass although
he could have easily stopped him. When reprimanded by
the guard, Parker arrogantly replied he was a professional
performer and that chasing criminals was the guard's
job. Parker promptly forgot the incident. A few days
later, Parker returned home to find that his Uncle Ben
had been murdered by a burglar. A police officer informed
him that the burglar had been trailed to a nearby abandoned
warehouse where the police had him trapped. Grief-stricken,
Parker rushed to the warehouse to seek vengeance. At
the warehouse Parker, as Spider-Man, easily captured
the burglar and realized that he was the same person
that he had allowed to run past him earlier that day
in the TV studio. He realized that if he had acted responsibly
earlier, he might have prevented the death of his uncle.
Filled with remorse, he realized that with power comes
responsibility, and he vowed to never shirk that responsibility
Peter began to use his powers to fight
crime. He also tried to join the hero team Fantastic
Four in their formative stages but was dismissed. As
a solo hero, Parker took pictures of his fights as Spider-Man
using an automatic camera, and then sold the pictures
to the Daily Bugle. Spider-Man rapidly became one of
the most well-known citizens in New York City, although,
unfortunately, many people think of him as a menace
due to the editorials of Bugle's editor J. Jonah Jameson.
Parker's main concern about Aunt May was that, if she
ever found out his secret identity as Spider-Man, it
would aggravate her weak heart condition.
During this time, Parker dated Betty Brant of the Daily
Bugle, although Liz Allen had a crush on him. At the
same time, both Aunt May and her neighbor, Aunt Anna,
were encouraging Parker to date Anna's niece, Mary Jane
Watson, whom he would not meet until months later.
After high school, Parker enrolled in Empire State
University, and divided his time as a hero, a student,
and photographer. Eventually, Parker moved into his
own apartment. During this time, he developed a relationship
with Gwen Stacey. Unfortunately, during Spider-Man's
conflict with the original Green Goblin, Stacey was
killed. Some time later, Parker developed a steady relationship
with Mary Jane. Parker proposed marriage, although Mary
Jane declined, and soon left Parker's life for many
Parker graduated from ESU, and pursued his career as
a hero and photographer. As he continued to live on
his own, as his Aunt May decided to transform her house
into a senior citizens' boarding house. At one point
Parker began a romantic relationship and heroic partnership
with the Black Cat, although Parker later broke it off
due to the Black Cat's disdain for Parker's life apart
from being Spider-Man.
Prior to this, Spider-Man was among the heroes kidnapped
by the powerful Beyonder to fight in his so-called "Secret
Wars." When his costume was damaged, Parker tried
using the futuristic technology on the Beyonder's planet
to repair it, and instead, replaced it with an alien
"symbiote" which transformed into a black
version of Spider-Man's costume, perhaps based on the
newly appeared Spider-Woman. Parker used the symbiote
for his costume, which was capable of transforming into
street clothing as well as generate webs. When the costume
behaves strangely, Parker sought help from the Fantastic
Four's Mister Fantastic, who first discovered the costume
was a living organism. He helped remove the costume
by force, and kept it in the Fantastic Four headquarters
for captivity. The symbiote would later escape, plaguing
the life of Parker again and ultimately merging with
Parker's enemy Eddie Brock, creating the villain Venom.
As Spider-Man, Parker has met and fought alongside
nearly every hero in Manhattan, if not the world. Although
he had fought with the hero team Avengers many previous
times, he tried to join their number when he learned
of the financial stipend their members received. Parker
helped them stop an invasion and subsequent breakout
of the energy research and villain interment facility,
Project Pegasus. Spider-Man was deemed, however, to
disrupt the team's cohesiveness, and was denied membership.
Later, however, Parker would meet the international
mercenary Silver Sable, and Spider-Man would often work
on her behalf.
Later still, Mary Jane returned to Parker's life, and,
after a battle between Spider-Man and the Puma, she
revealed that she had known (or at least suspected)
Peter Parker's secret identity from almost the beginning
of his career. Soon after, the two were married.
Peter's old friend Harry Osborn leased the couple a
loft in the building that Harry and his family are also
living in. Mary Jane's niece Kristie temporarily moved
in with the Parkers at one point. Eventually, however,
the Parkers had to move into a room in Aunt May's house
due to financial problems.
Once again Spider-Man allied with the Avengers to stop
the alien Nebula from destroying reality with her Infinity
Union. An increasingly unnerved Spider-Man, unaccustomed
to dealing with cosmic-scale menaces, accidentally allowed
Nebula to absorb the power of the Infinity Union, although
the Avengers, Spider-Man, and the alien Stranger thwarted
her regardless. Parker was told again that Spider-Man
may not be suited for Avengers membership, although
later he was inducted into their number on a provisional
Parker later returned to his studies and postgraduate
work as a lab assistant at Empire State University.
During this time, Parker was briefly endowed with the
powers of Captain Universe, in order to stop a series
of robots, including the mutant-killing Sentinels. Once
the menace was defeated, the extra powers left Parker.
Later still, Aunt May suffered a debilitating
heart attack and died. This also led to Parkers meeting
Ben Reilly, whom he had fought earlier as a clone of
himself. Reilly created a similar spider-costume, dubbed
the Scarlet Spider by the Daily Bugle, and helped Spider-Man
in his adventures. Later, Mary Jane became pregnant.
Peter and Mary Jane briefly moved to Seattle, as Parker
considered retiring from being Spider-Man in order to
start a family.
Reilly eventually assumed the identity of Spider-Man
himself, since the villain Doctor Octopus II tarnished
the reputation of the Scarlet Spider. Mary Jane, meanwhile,
was to give birth to baby May Parker, but has rushed
to the hospital under the pretense of medical emergency.
The baby was stolen by the original Green Goblin, unknown
to the Parkers, who were told the baby died in miscarriage.
When the Green Goblin tried to kill Peter Parker, Ben
Reilly jumped in front of the Goblin's glider, sacrificing
himself to save Parker.
After many more months of adventuring, Spider-Man was
framed for a crime and increased pressure was placed
on capturing him. In order to continue his crime-fighting
career and investigate the fraudulent claims, Parker
relinquished his Spider-Man identity while creating
four unique and separate ones: Dusk, Hornet, Prodigy,
and Ricochet. As Dusk, Parker was able to investigate
the villain Trapster and publicly exonerate Spider-Man,
at which point he resumed the identity.
When the Avengers were attempting to reform their number
after disbanding for a year after the crisis known as
Onslaught, Spider-Man was contacted due to his past
affiliation with them. However, by his own choice Parker
decided to dissolve ties with the Avengers.
Aunt May was later discovered to be alive; the woman
who seemingly died was in actuality an actress. Parker,
Mary Jane, and Aunt May moved to an apartment in Manhattan.
Parker had promised Mary Jane to give up his Spider-Man
identity, but he would continually sneak out at night
as Spider-Man. Their marriage began to strain, in part
because of a new modeling career of Mary Jane and in
part because Parker's sneaking was discovered. Before
they could reconcile, however, Mary Jane was believed
to have been killed by a bomb in an airplane. For a
long time, Parker refused to believe her killed, but
eventually grew to accept it.
More recently, however, Parker discovered Mary Jane
was alive, captured by a villain who had been stalking
her prior to her airplane flight. After a brief reconciliation,
Mary Jane requested to leave Parker once more, saying
that she needed time to adjust by herself.
Height: 5 ft. 10 in.
Weight: 165 lbs.
Know Superhuman Powers: Spider-Man possesses superhuman
strength, reflexes, and equilibrium; the ability to cause
parts of his body to stick with great tenacity to most
surfaces; and a subconscious premonitional "danger" sence.
The irradiated Common House Spider (Achaearanea tepidariorum)
which bit Peter Parker was apparently already mutated
from prior exposure to certain frequencies of radiation
and received a final, lethal dose during Parker's attendance
of the exhibition. The radioactive, complex mutagenic
enzymes in the spider's blood that were transferred at
the time of the bite triggered numberous body-wide mutagenic
changes within Parker.
Spider-Man's overall metabolic efficiency has been greatly
increased, and the composition of his skeleton, inter-connected
tissues, and nervous system have all been enhanced. Spider-Man's
musculature has been augmentedso that he can lift (press)
about 10 tons. His reflexes are faster than an average
human by about a factor of 15 (he is often able to dodge
bullets, if he is far enough away). Spider-Man is extraordinarily
limber and his tendons and connective tissues are twice
as elastic as the average human being's, despite their
enhanced strength. He has developed a unique fighting
style that makes full use of his agility, strength, and
Spider-Man's exposure to the mutated spider venom induced
a mutagenic, cerebellum-wide alteration of his engrams
resulting in the ability to mentally control the flux
of inter-atomic attraction (electrostatic force) between
molecular boundary layers. This overcomes the outer electron
shell's normal behavior of mutual repulsion with other
outer electron shells and permits the tremendous potential
for electron attraction to prevail. The mentally controlled
sub-atomic particle responsible for this has yet to be
identified. This ability to affect the attraction between
surfaces is so far limited to Spider-Man's body (especially
conetrated in his hands and feet) and another object,
with an upper limit of several tons per finger. Limits
to this ability seem to be psychosomatic, and the full
nature of this ability has yet to be established.
Spider-Man possesses an extrasensory "danger"
or "spider" sensewhich warns him of potential
immediate danger by tingling sensation in the back of
his skull. The precise nature of this sense is unknown.
It appears to be a simultaneous clairvoyant responce to
a wide variety of phenomena (everything from falling safes
to speeding bullets to thrown punches), which has given
several hundredths of a second's warning, which is sufficient
time for his reflexes to allow him to avoid injury. The
sense also can create a general resonse on the order of
several minutes: he cannot discern the nature of the threat
by the sensation. He can, however, discern the severity
of the danger by the strength of his response to it. Spider-Man's
fighting style incorporates the advantage that his "spidey-sense"
Weapons: Spider-Man uses web-shooters which are twin
devices worn on his wrists which can shoot thin strands
of a special web fluid at high pressure. The
web fluid is a shear-thinning liquid (virtually solid
until a shearing force is applied to it, rendering it
fluid) whose exact formula is as yet unknown, but is related
to nylon. On contact with air, the long-chain polymer
knits and forms an extremely tough, flexible fiber with
extraordinary adhesive properties. The web fluids
adhesive quality diminishes rapidly with exposure to air.
(Where it does not make contact with air, such as the
attachment disk of the web-shooter, it remains very adhesive.)
After about 2 hour, certain imbibed ether cause the solid
form of the web fluid to dissolve into a powder. Because
the fluid almost instantly sublimates from solid to liquid
when under shear pressure, and is not adhesive in its
anaerobic liquid/solid phase transition point, there is
no clogging of the web-shooters parts.
The spinneret mechanism in the web-shooter is machined
from stainless steel, except for the turbine component,
which is machined out of a block of Teflon and the two
turbine bearings, which are made of amber and artificial
sapphire. The wristlet and web fluid cartridges are
mainly nickel-plated annealed brass. Spider-Mans
web cartridge belt is made out of brass and light leather
and holds up to 30 cartridges. The cartridges are pressurized
to 300 pounds per square inch and sealed with a bronze
cap which is silver soldered closed. The wristlets have
sharp steel nipples, which pierce the bronze cap when
the cartridges are tightly wedged into their positions.
A palm switch that is protected by a band of spring
steel, which requires a 65 pounds pressure to trigger,
actuates the hand-wound solenoid needle valve. The switch
is situated high on the palm to avoid most unwanted
firings. A rubber seal protects the small battery compartment.
The effect of the very small turbine pump vanes is to
compress (share) the web fluid and then force it, under
pressure, through the spinneret holes which cold-draws
it (stretches it: the process wherein nylon gains a
four-fold increase in tensile strength), then extrudes
it through the air where it solidifies. As the web fluid
exits the spinneret holes, it is attracted to itself
electro statically and thus can form complex shapes.
The spinneret holes have three sets of adjustable, staggered
openings around the turbine, which permit a single line,
a more complex, spun web line, and a thick stream. The
web lines tensile strength is estimated to be
120 pounds per square millimeter of cross section. The
300 pounds per square inch of pressure in each cartridge
is sufficient to force a stream of the complex web pattern
an estimated 60 feet (significantly farther if shot
in a ballistic parabolic arc).
Note: Tobey Maguire played him in the Spider-Man